6 Mindfulness Exercises to Reduce Stress and Anxiety

In a fast-paced world, stress and anxiety plague many. Mindfulness offers a remedy, gaining traction in mental health discussions. But what is it? This article breaks it down, emphasizing its benefits and offering practical tips and exercises for incorporating mindfulness into daily life.

therapist sean abraham By Sean Abraham, LCSW

Updated on Jun 17, 2024

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In today’s world, we’re often overwhelmed with information and responsibilities that can cause stress and anxiety. We may worry about things we can’t control, affecting our physical and mental well-being.

That’s where mindfulness comes in. It’s become a buzzword in recent years, popping up in conversations about mental health, meditation, and online therapy.

But what exactly is mindfulness? And why is it something that everyone should be paying attention to?

Mindfulness is a practice passed down through the ages and has recently gained popularity for its ability to reduce stress and anxiety. However, mindfulness can seem like a complicated concept, so some may be intimidated.

This article aims to clarify what mindfulness is, explain the advantages of practicing mindfulness, offer guidance on integrating mindfulness into everyday life, and provide six mindfulness exercises to alleviate stress and anxiety.

What is Mindfulness?

Mindfulness is the mental state of focusing one’s attention on the present moment, accepting it without judgment, and exhibiting an attitude of self-compassion.

Derived from ancient Buddhist practices, it encourages a deeper understanding of oneself and one’s surroundings, promoting emotional balance and well-being. However, Western conceptualizations tend to emphasize the practical techniques of mindfulness, viewing it as a set of skills and exercises to reduce stress and anxiety rather than as an element of spiritual enlightenment.

The development of today’s mindfulness meditation owes much to Jon Kabat-Zinn’s work in the 1970s.

He pioneered the integration of mindfulness into clinical settings through the innovative Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program. MBSR transformed mindfulness from a religious practice locked in Buddhist traditions to a secular, evidence-based modality accepted by modern psychology.

Due to the growing body of research supporting its efficacy, mindfulness meditation is now considered essential for everyone, regardless of religious or cultural background.

Its proven effectiveness in alleviating anxiety, improving mental focus, and enhancing overall well-being makes it a universal remedy for today’s fast-paced lifestyle.

How Does Mindfulness Work?

To better understand how mindfulness meditation works, it’s helpful to think of our brain as a muscle that needs to be exercised to function optimally.

When we practice mindfulness, we engage and strengthen specific brain areas related to attention, emotion regulation, and self-awareness. In this sense, mindfulness meditation is like exercising but for our mental well-being.

Mindfulness meditation uses various mental exercises to remain focused and positive in the present moment rather than getting caught up in thoughts, emotions, or external distractions.

Focusing on the present moment allows us to experience life more fully and deeply by paying attention to the sensations, thoughts, and emotions as they arise.

Just like muscles gaining strength through consistent training, regular mindfulness meditation helps strengthen our brain’s attention and awareness areas so that during stressful situations, we can quickly use these techniques to center ourselves, remain calm, and redirect our focus to the present moment.

What Is the Difference Between Meditation and Mindfulness Meditation?

Mindfulness meditation is a form of meditation, which often leads to some confusion.

Meditation is a general term used for various practices that involve training the mind to focus and control thoughts.

Mindfulness meditation is a specific type of meditation that focuses on awareness and attention, encouraging practitioners to be fully present in the moment without any distractions.

The difference between basic meditation and mindfulness meditation is that basic meditation encourages concentration, while mindfulness encourages awareness.

Meditation involves concentration on a single object, like a breath, sound, or mantra. On the other hand, mindfulness meditation encourages practitioners to observe thoughts, feelings, and sensations with an open and non-judgmental mind.

Traditional meditation focuses on clearing the mind, whereas mindfulness meditation focuses on filling the mind with information from the present moment by engaging our physical sense, thus leaving our mind full and allowing us to detach from anxiety and worry that lives in the future.

Despite their differences, mindfulness meditation and meditation have some similarities. They both involve focusing the mind and can help reduce stress and promote relaxation. They also both require practice and dedication to see the benefits.

Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation

Consistent mindfulness meditation practice can help reverse brain deterioration and functioning.

Recent studies have shown individuals who engage in regular meditation practice benefit from gray matter density growth in specific brain regions for attention, memory, and emotional regulation.

Additionally, scientists observed an increased prefrontal cortex functioning while decreasing activity in the amygdala, which is responsible for fear and stress.

These neurological changes not only reduce stress, anxiety, depression, and other related mental health issues but also improve emotional regulation as well.

It’s like hitting the reset button for your brain, allowing you to approach life’s challenges with a clear, positive outlook.

In addition to its benefits for mental health, mindfulness meditation can also affect the physical body.

Research shows it activates the parasympathetic nervous system to reduce stress’s physiological effects, such as increased heart rate and high blood pressure.

Mindfulness can also improve immune system functioning and reduce inflammation, a leading cause of many chronic illnesses, such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.

The benefits of mindfulness meditation can last up to six months after you stop practicing regularly. That’s like having a superpower that keeps working even when you take a break!

How Mindfulness can Help People with Anxiety

Practicing mindfulness-based therapy for eight weeks can help individuals with anxiety disorders.

A recent study has found that the result is as effective as escitalopram, a commonly prescribed anti-anxiety medication.

The beauty of mindfulness-based interventions lies in their holistic approach to anxiety treatment. It alleviates anxiety symptoms and addresses its root cause, helping sufferers manage and cope with stress and anxiety in a more mindful and self-aware manner.

Additionally, many people with anxiety struggle with traditional meditation as it can encourage us to clear our mind, which then leaves more space for anxious thoughts. Whereas mindfulness meditation helps to fill our mind and remove thoughts of the future that lead to anxiety, stress, fear, and worry and can be more helpful in some cases.

How Mindfulness can Help People Suffering From High Stress

If you’re someone suffering from high stress levels, mindfulness meditation can be incredibly effective in reducing stress.

In a recent randomized controlled trial, nursing students who practiced mindfulness meditation experienced significant decreases in both serum cortisol levels and perceived stress.

How to Implement a Mindfulness Practice In Daily Life

If you are looking to implement a mindfulness practice in your daily life, there are nine key attitudes that you should focus on. These attitudes provide a framework for mindfulness practice. They also help deepen your understanding of mindfulness and apply it in a meaningful and beneficial way to your personal and professional life. The nine attitudes are:

  1. Non-judging
  2. Patience
  3. A beginner’s mind
  4. Trust
  5. Non-striving
  6. Acceptance
  7. Letting go
  8. Gratitude
  9. Generosity

These attitudes are interconnected, and you enhance your understanding of others by nurturing any of them.

As you become more comfortable, gradually apply them to your daily life to feel a greater sense of peace, calmness, and connection with those around you. Keep in mind that mindfulness is all about the heart and staying in the present. By combining all these elements, you can tap into the true essence of mindfulness.

Why Some People Find Mindfulness Practice Difficult

Mindfulness is a powerful tool for managing stress, improving sleep, and enhancing overall well-being. However, some people find mindfulness difficult to master. There are many reasons this may be the case. Some individuals struggle with uncertainty and find it hard to accept that things may not always be clear-cut.

For many beginners, one of the biggest barriers is expecting instant results and getting discouraged when they don’t see immediate changes in their mood or outlook. The reality is that mindfulness takes multiple meditation sessions and consistent effort to master.

Research shows that many people focus on what they want things to be rather than accepting them as they are, even if they evoke negative emotions. Mindfulness requires patience, determination, and the courage to confront fears. Many fear examining their issues, which can be a major barrier to mindfulness and getting to a place of positive emotions.

Finally, procrastination can also be a significant challenge — putting off mindfulness until you “have more time.” The truth is that mindfulness is most valuable when you make it a regular part of your routine, even if it’s just for a few minutes a day. By acknowledging and working through these challenges, you can reap the benefits of mindfulness and enjoy a more peaceful, centered life.

Six Mindfulness Exercises to Try at Home

The first step towards mindfulness is incorporating it into daily small tasks. Rather than changing your entire routine, try one of the following mindfulness exercises.

1. Mindful Breathing Exercise

Mindful breathing exercise is one of the easiest and most effective ways to incorporate mindfulness into your everyday routine. This practice involves focusing solely on your breath and taking a few moments to quiet the mind.

To get started, download one of the meditation apps that allows you to set a time limit. Begin with a five-minute timer, find a quiet place, and sit in a comfortable position, feet flat against the floor. Close your eyes and focus on your inhales and exhales. When your mind wanders and thoughts come up, acknowledge them and bring your focus back to your breath.

Cyclic sighing is a great breathing exercise that focuses on exhaling for longer than you inhale, for example breathing in for four seconds, holding for six seconds, then exhaling for seven seconds.

2. Mindful Eating Habits

How often do you mindlessly eat your meals in front of the TV or while scrolling through your phone? Mindful eating involves being present, fully engaged in the act of eating, and enjoying the moment-to-moment experience. It can help us tune into our hunger cues and improve our relationship with food.

Try setting aside time to sit and enjoy your meal without distractions. Notice the flavors, textures, and smells of your food. Chew slowly and concentrate on your body awareness.

3. Mindful Listening Exercise

Active listening is all about being present and fully engaged in a conversation. When talking to someone, be fully present and listen to what they say without judgment or interruption. Try to notice their body language, tone of voice, and facial expressions.

This will help you better understand and connect with the person while also being present.

4. Mindful Awareness Exercise

Mindful awareness exercise involves bringing attention to our senses and being present in the moment. This practice can help reduce anxiety and rumination and improve our ability to focus.

To get started, take a few moments to notice your surroundings. What items are within your reach? What sounds can you hear? What sensations do you feel? Try to engage all your senses and take in as many details about your surroundings as possible. Even as you take each deep breath, reach out with each one of your senses to examine your physical sensations.

5. Mindful Stretching

Mindful stretching is a great way to connect the mind and all parts of your body while also improving flexibility and reducing tension.

Find a quiet place to stretch and focus on your breath to get started. As you move through each stretch, be present in the moment and notice all your body sensations. Pay attention to any areas of discomfort and work to alleviate it. At the end of each session, note how your body and each muscle feel.

If you are limited in physical mobility, you can still do this body scan meditation in a sitting position. If you are an active individual, you can apply this mindful habit to other exercises you enjoy.

6. Mindful Appreciation Journal

A gratitude practice can improve our overall well-being and cultivate a positive mindset. A mindful appreciation journal is a great way to record things we’re grateful for on a daily basis.

To get started, use a smart device, bullet journal, or a piece of paper and write down a few things you’re thankful for daily. You can also reflect on these things during your mindful breathing practice.


Mindfulness practice is a powerful tool to reduce stress and anxiety. But unlike meditation, mindfulness exercises can be integrated into everyday routines such as breathing, eating, stretching, and journaling..

By using these six practices of mindfulness to reduce stress and anxiety, you can learn how to be present in the moment, cultivate a sense of peace and appreciation, and develop greater self-awareness. All these benefits help you to make conscious decisions that’ll benefit yourself and those around you.

If you need professional help to combat stress and anxiety, book an appointment with one of our therapists today.

Frequently Asked Questions

About the author
therapist sean abraham Sean Abraham, LCSW

Sean Abraham is a licensed clinical social worker who works with those who have struggled with substance use, depression, anxiety, loss, communication problems, student life, as well as other mental health concerns.

This article is not meant to be a replacement for medical advice. We recommend speaking with a therapist for personalized information about your mental health. If you don’t currently have a therapist, we can connect you with one who can offer support and address any questions or concerns. If you or your child is experiencing a medical emergency, is considering harming themselves or others, or is otherwise in imminent danger, you should dial 9-1-1 and/or go to the nearest emergency room.

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