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The Power of Feminist Therapy in Promoting Personal Growth

 Women and those who identify as women often have distinct and unique experiences shaped by societal norms. For many of these individuals, it’s important to explore therapeutic approaches that acknowledge and honor these experiences. Feminist therapy is one such approach that recognizes the influence of society on our thoughts and feelings. It aims to empower […]

jocelyn moyet grow therapy By Jocelyn Moyet, LMHC

Updated on Jun 18, 2024

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 Women and those who identify as women often have distinct and unique experiences shaped by societal norms. For many of these individuals, it’s important to explore therapeutic approaches that acknowledge and honor these experiences. Feminist therapy is one such approach that recognizes the influence of society on our thoughts and feelings. It aims to empower individuals, enabling them to feel stronger and make meaningful changes in their lives. 

By acknowledging the influence of societal factors and challenging traditional gender roles, this therapy approach fosters self-awareness, encourages personal empowerment, and promotes social change. If you’re considering whether feminist therapy is right for you, keep reading to gain a comprehensive understanding of this empowering therapy approach and its potential impact on mental health and wellness.

What is Feminist Therapy?

Feminist therapy is a form of psychotherapy rooted in feminist theory. It recognizes how societal factors, such as gender or gender identity, race, and class, affect mental health and emotional well-being. 

“Unlike traditional therapy, which tends to focus on internal or individual factors, feminist therapy considers the impact of external societal factors on clients’ emotional well-being,” says licensed professional counselor Melissa Galica. “This approach views clients’ struggles not as a sign of personal pathology but as a natural and understandable response to oppressive social forces.” 

History of Feminist Therapy

Feminist therapy emerged in the 1960s and 1970s during the second wave of the feminist movement. Women’s liberation and civil rights movements greatly influenced its development. Activists sought to address the inadequacy of mainstream therapy in addressing the unique experiences and struggles faced by women. They aimed to veer away from the inherently patriarchal dynamics of traditional therapy and create an empowering therapeutic framework that considered the role of societal factors in mental health.

Key Principles of Feminist Therapy

Central to this type of therapy are several key principles that guide the therapeutic process. These principles include intersectionality, the focus on societal factors, and the recognition of oppression’s impact on mental health.

Intersectionality and its Importance in Feminist Therapy

Unlike mainstream therapy, which often focuses on individual experiences, feminist therapy acknowledges the significance of intersectionality. Intersectionality recognizes that individuals experience a multitude of social identities, such as gender, race, sexual orientation, and ability, simultaneously. These intersecting identities shape one’s experiences and influence their mental health. By considering intersectionality, feminist therapists can gain a more comprehensive and nuanced understanding of their clients.

Focus on Societal Factors in Feminist Therapy

Feminist therapy emphasizes the impact of societal factors on mental health. It recognizes that societal norms, expectations, and structural inequalities can contribute to issues such as sexism, racism, and discrimination. By exploring these social stressors, feminist therapy helps clients gain insight into how these factors may have influenced their feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. This understanding forms the basis for addressing and reframing these societal forces.

Recognizing Oppression and its Impact on Mental Health

Oppression, in its various forms, can significantly impact an individual’s mental health. Feminist therapy validates the experiences of oppression and offers a safe space for clients to explore and heal from the consequences of societal injustices. By acknowledging the effects of oppression, this therapy approach aims to empower individuals, helping them regain control and find their voices within an unequal society.

How Feminist Therapy Differs from Mainstream Therapy

Feminist therapy differs from mainstream therapy in several ways. It challenges traditional gender roles, fosters an egalitarian relationship between the therapist and the client, and incorporates power analysis into the therapeutic process.

Challenging Traditional Gender Roles in Therapy

A fundamental aspect of feminist counseling is its emphasis on challenging traditional gender roles and biases within therapy sessions. It recognizes that societal expectations regarding gender can often contribute to psychological distress. By actively challenging these roles, feminist therapists encourage clients to explore and reshape their understanding of gender, promoting personal growth and self-acceptance.

Egalitarian Relationship Between Therapist and Client

In feminist therapy, the therapeutic relationship is seen as a partnership between the therapist and the client. This egalitarian relationship is based on mutual trust, respect, and collaboration. Both the therapist and the client bring their expertise, with the therapist providing guidance and support while honoring the client’s autonomy and lived experiences. This equal footing enhances the client’s sense of empowerment and self-determination.

Power Analysis in Feminist Therapy

Power analysis is a core component of feminist therapy. It involves examining power dynamics within the client’s life, including societal structures, relationships, and cultural norms. By understanding power imbalances and how they affect an individual’s well-being, feminist therapy helps clients recognize and reclaim their personal power. This analysis serves as a foundation for developing effective strategies to address and navigate power struggles in daily life.

Techniques Used in Feminist Therapy

Feminist therapy employs a variety of techniques to foster empowerment, self-awareness, and personal growth. Galicia explains that during a feminist therapy session, the psychotherapist and client explore the client’s issues and challenges within a gendered context. 

“The therapist helps clients recognize and navigate gender role expectations, experiences of oppression or marginalization, and other gender-based concerns that may be contributing to their struggles,” she says. “The therapist also helps clients develop strategies for improving their quality of life and mental health by identifying changes that can be made within the client’s personal life or broader society.”

Some of the more common techniques include the following.

Self-Disclosure and Personal Power

Self-disclosure is a technique utilized in feminist therapy to create a genuine and authentic therapeutic relationship. Therapists may share personal experiences or insights to establish rapport and provide clients with role models for asserting their personal power. By sharing their own vulnerability, therapists emphasize the importance of self-acceptance and encourage clients to embrace their authentic selves.

Assertiveness Training

Assertiveness training is another technique commonly used in feminist therapy. It equips clients with the skills to express their thoughts, feelings, and needs assertively, empowering them to set boundaries and communicate effectively in their own lives. This training aims to counteract societal pressures that often suppress women’s assertiveness and encourage passive behaviors.

Mindfulness and Body Image

Feminist therapy recognizes the influence of societal beauty standards on body image and self-worth. Through mindfulness exercises, clients learn to focus on cultivating awareness and acceptance of their bodies. By challenging unrealistic societal expectations, feminist therapy promotes a healthier and more compassionate relationship with one’s body.

Bibliotherapy and Gestalt Therapy

Bibliotherapy involves incorporating books, articles, or other written materials into therapy sessions. These resources enable clients to explore different perspectives, gain insights, and develop a deeper understanding of feminist theory. Gestalt therapy, on the other hand, focuses on holistic consciousness-raising and personal growth. It helps individuals understand how their past experiences and current emotions shape their present reality.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a widely used therapeutic approach, is often integrated into feminist therapy. It examines the connections between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, aiming to identify and challenge negative or self-limiting beliefs. By employing CBT techniques, feminist therapy can help individuals reframe harmful societal messages and develop healthier coping strategies.

Benefits of Feminist Therapy

Feminist therapy offers numerous benefits for individuals seeking mental health support. By focusing on gender and social issues, it encourages clients to explore their experiences in the context of systemic inequalities and power dynamics. Feminist therapy provides a safe space for clients to explore and validate their experiences, facilitating personal growth, increased self-awareness, and the development of healthier coping strategies.

Empowerment and Self-Awareness

A primary goal of feminist therapy is to empower individuals, allowing them to regain control over their lives. Through the therapeutic process, clients develop a deeper understanding of themselves, recognizing their strengths, values, and personal power. This increased self-awareness promotes personal growth and fosters a sense of empowerment.

Insights on Intersectionality and Social Justice

Feminist therapy provides individuals with valuable insights into the intersectionality of their identities and the societal structures that shape their experiences. By examining how gender, race, sexuality, and ability intersect, clients gain a more comprehensive understanding of themselves and others. This understanding leads to increased empathy, respect, and awareness of social justice issues.

Encourages Social Change and Activism

Feminist therapy goes beyond individual empowerment and actively supports social change and activism. It encourages clients to take action against institutionalized discrimination, sexism, and other forms of oppression. By fostering a sense of agency, this therapy approach inspires individuals to engage in advocacy work, promoting equality and justice in their communities and beyond.

More Effective in Addressing Issues Related to Gender, Race, Sexuality, and Ability/Disability

Traditional therapy may inadvertently overlook, underestimate, or even contribute to the impact of societal factors on mental health. In contrast, feminist therapy provides a specialized lens through which to explore the complexities of gender, race, sexuality, and ability/ disability. This approach ensures that clients receive tailored support that addresses their unique experiences, making it more effective in resolving issues related to social identities.

Critiques and Controversies Surrounding Feminist Therapy

As with any therapeutic approach, feminist therapy has faced critiques and controversies. Some critics argue that feminist therapy only focuses on gender and doesn’t think enough about biology. Others express concerns regarding the inclusivity of feminist therapy, suggesting that it may not fully account for the experiences of individuals who don’t fit into the usual categories for gender. Ongoing discussions and research aim to address these concerns and enhance the inclusivity and effectiveness of feminist therapy. 

Future of Feminist Therapy

The future of feminist therapy holds promise as practitioners and researchers continue to advocate for its integration into mainstream mental health practice. Expanding inclusivity and intersectionality within feminist therapy are essential goals to ensure that individuals from diverse backgrounds receive comprehensive and culturally sensitive mental health support. Further research and development will only strengthen the therapeutic approaches, techniques, and principles of feminist therapy.

How do I know if Feminist Therapy is Right for Me?

If you resonate with the principles of intersectionality, social justice, and empowerment, feminist therapy may be a suitable choice for you. Consider seeking out a feminist therapist who can provide further information and guidance on how this therapy approach may align with your specific needs and goals. 

“Although feminist therapy is often associated with women’s issues, it can be useful for anyone interested in exploring the intersections of gender and mental health,” says Galica. “Men, in particular, may benefit from feminist therapy as it can help them confront rigid masculine expectations and societal power dynamics that may be negatively affecting their mental health. Furthermore, individuals interested in social justice issues may find feminist therapy to be a particularly appealing approach to therapy.”

Feminist therapy offers individuals a unique and empowering approach to mental health. By acknowledging the influence of societal factors and challenging traditional gender roles, this therapy approach fosters self-awareness, encourages personal empowerment, and promotes social change. Through an egalitarian therapeutic relationship and techniques such as self-disclosure, assertiveness training, and mindfulness, feminist therapy equips individuals with the tools and insights necessary to address and navigate complex social and emotional issues. As conversations surrounding gender, equality, and social justice continue to evolve, feminist therapy remains at the forefront, advocating for the well-being and liberation of all individuals.

If you’re interested in learning more about Feminist Therapy or want to discuss whether it may be right for you, Grow Therapy’s team of expert therapists and mental health professionals are here to help. 


  • Feminist therapy recognizes the influence of society on our thoughts and feelings. It aims to empower individuals, enabling them to feel stronger and make meaningful changes in their lives.

  • Benefits of feminist therapy include empowerment and self-awareness, insights on intersectionality and social justice, encouragement of social change and activism, and the effective addressing of issues related to gender, race, sexuality, and ability/disability.

  • Feminist therapy challenges traditional gender roles and biases, aiming to empower individuals and promote social justice. In contrast, mainstream therapy typically adheres to more traditional views of gender and focuses less on societal factors and power dynamics.

  • The main goal of feminist therapy is to examine power differences between individuals and how they may contribute to personal issues, recognizing that gender shapes one's worldview, identity, and overall well-being. The therapy aims to empower individuals by addressing social and cultural contexts and challenging biases, discrimination, and oppression.

About the author
jocelyn moyet grow therapy Jocelyn Moyet, LMHC

Jocelyn Moyet is a licensed mental health counselor with over 13 years of clinical experience. She specializes in mood disorders, coping skills, relationships, and self-esteem.

This article is not meant to be a replacement for medical advice. We recommend speaking with a therapist for personalized information about your mental health. If you don’t currently have a therapist, we can connect you with one who can offer support and address any questions or concerns. If you or your child is experiencing a medical emergency, is considering harming themselves or others, or is otherwise in imminent danger, you should dial 9-1-1 and/or go to the nearest emergency room.

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